[*] Professor of Law, University of Montana. B.A., 1968, Duke University; LL.B., 1972, University of Virginia. Return to text.

[1] See Carl Tobias, The President and the Federal Bench, 1992 WIS. L. REV. 1329. Return to text.

[2] See, e.g., Bill Clinton, Judiciary Suffers Racial, Sexual Lack of Balance, NAT'L L.J., Nov. 2, 1992, at 15-16; Bush v. Clinton: The Candidates on Legal Issues, A.B.A. J., Oct. 1992, at 57-58; see also Stephen Labaton, Clinton May Use Diversity Pledge to Remake Courts, N.Y. TIMES, Mar. 8, 1993, at A1. Return to text.

[3] See Carl Tobias, Filling the Federal Courts in an Election Year, 49 SMU L. REV. 309, 314 (1996); Carl Tobias, Increasing Balance on the Federal Bench, 32 HOUS. L. REV. 137, 145 (1995); Carl Tobias, Keeping the Covenant on the Federal Courts, 47 SMU L. REV. 1861, 1866 (1994); see also Telephone Interview with Deborah Lewis, Alliance for Justice, Washington, D.C. (Mar. 7, 1995). Return to text.

[4] See Henry J. Reske, Judicial Vacancies Declining, A.B.A. J., Jan. 1994, at 24; DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CLINTON ADMINISTRATION JUDICIAL RECORD, ANALYSIS OF JUDICIAL NOMINATIONS (1994) (copy on file with author). Return to text.

[5] See, e.g., Ted Gest, Disorder in the Courts? Left and Right Both Gripe About Clinton's Taste in Judges, U.S. NEWS & WORLD REP., Feb. 12, 1996, at 40; Joan Biskupic, Clinton Avoids Activists in Judicial Selections, WASH. POST, Oct. 24, 1995, at A1; see also Sheldon Goldman, Reagan's Judicial Appointments at Mid-Term: Shaping the Bench in His Own Image, 66 JUDICATURE 335, 337 (1982) (affording Reagan intent); Neil A. Lewis, Bush Picking the Kind of Judges Reagan Favored, N.Y. TIMES, Apr. 10, 1990, at A1 (affording Bush intent). See generally Sheldon Goldman, Judicial Selection Under Clinton: A Midterm Examination, 78 JUDICATURE 276 (1995). Return to text.